Petra is an ancient and archaeological city in the southern Jordan. The place is famous for its rock-cut structural design and water stream system. Petra is also known as the Rose City due to the color of the stone and rocks out of which it is shaped.
It is established probably as early as 312 BCE as the capital city of the Nabataeans. The city is a sign of Jordan and it is Jordan’s most-tripped tourist place. It lies on the slant of Jebel al-Madhbah in a basin in the midst of the mountains which are form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba). This huge valley consecutively running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra has been a UNESCO World Heritage location since 1985.
The place stayed unidentified to the Western globe until 1812, when it was pioneered by Swiss traveller Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. It was portrayed as “a rose-red city half as old as time” in a Newdigate award-winning rhyme by John William Burgon. UNESCO has explained it as “one of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural heritage”.